Uber Anatomy Ontology

Last uploaded: February 26, 2021
Preferred Name

stomach

Synonyms

anterior intestine

ventriculus

mesenteron

gaster

stomach chamber

Definitions

An expanded region of the vertebrate alimentary tract that serves as a food storage compartment and digestive organ. A stomach is lined, in whole or in part by a glandular epithelium.

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945

capable of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0001696

contributes to morphology of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001007

database_cross_reference

UMLS:C0038351

MIAA:0000051

BTO:0001307

AAO:0000579

XAO:0000128

MAT:0000051

ANISEED:1235297

TAO:0002121

galen:Stomach

CALOHA:TS-0980

OpenCyc:Mx4rvVjlqpwpEbGdrcN5Y29ycA

EHDAA:2993

EV:0100070

MESH:A03.492.766

FMA:7148

GAID:293

EMAPA:17021

VHOG:0000408

EFO:0000837

NCIT:C12391

MA:0000353

EHDAA2:0001915

http://www.snomedbrowser.com/Codes/Details/181246003

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stomach

http://linkedlifedata.com/resource/umls/id/C0038351

definition

An expanded region of the vertebrate alimentary tract that serves as a food storage compartment and digestive organ. A stomach is lined, in whole or in part by a glandular epithelium.

depicted by

Stomach:diagram.svg

external_definition

Portion of alimentary canal with increased circular and longitudinal smooth muscle. Bounded posteriorly by the pyloric sphincter. Mucosal lining has increased folding.[AAO]

has_narrow_synonym

stomach chamber

has_obo_namespace

uberon

has_related_synonym

anterior intestine

ventriculus

mesenteron

gaster

homology_notes

It appears that the stomach has an ancient origin. The stomach first appears in the fish lineage. The prevertebrate chordates do not have a true stomach, whereas the cartilaginous and bony fish do. Although most fish do have a true stomach, some fish species appear to have lost the stomach secondarily. The remaining vertebrate lineages do have a true stomach (at least in the adult animal), although there is great variation in the size and shape of the stomach.[well established][VHOG]

id

UBERON:0000945

in_subset

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#major_organ

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#uberon_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#organ_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#pheno_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#efo_slim

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/core#vertebrate_core

label

stomach

notation

UBERON:0000945

only_in_taxon

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/NCBITaxon_7776

part_of

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001041

prefixIRI

UBERON:0000945

prefLabel

stomach

taxon_notes

We restrict this to the vertebrate specific structure - see the grouping class 'food storage organ' for analogous structures in other species. Teleosts: Zebrafish is functionally stomach-less, but may retain ontogenic footprint. Although the precise shape and size of the stomach varies widely among different vertebrates, the relative positions of the oesophageal and duodenal openings remain relatively constant. As a result, the organ always curves somewhat to the left before curving back to meet the pyloric sphincter. However, lampreys, hagfishes, chimaeras, lungfishes, and some teleost fish have no stomach at all, with the oesophagus opening directly into the intestine. The gastric lining is usually divided into two regions, an anterior portion lined by fundic glands, and a posterior with pyloric glands. Cardiac glands are unique to mammals, and even then are absent in a number of species. The distributions of these glands vary between species, and do not always correspond with the same regions as in man. Furthermore, in many non-human mammals, a portion of the stomach anterior to the cardiac glands is lined with epithelium essentially identical to that of the oesophagus. Ruminants, in particular, have a complex stomach, the first three chambers of which are all lined with oesophageal mucosa

treeView

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001041

subClassOf

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0010039

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0004921

Delete Subject Author Type Created
No notes to display
Create New Mapping

Delete Mapping To Ontology Source
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Human Phenotype Ontology China LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Human Phenotype Ontology China SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Cell Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Cell Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 GenEpiO LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 GenEpiO SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Cell Line Ontology Subset for Chinese National Infrastructure of Cell Line Resource (NICR) LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Cell Line Ontology Subset for Chinese National Infrastructure of Cell Line Resource (NICR) SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 International Classification of Diseases Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 International Classification of Diseases Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Cell Line Ontology (Chinese Translation) SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Ontology for Biomedical Investigations LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Ontology for Biomedical Investigations SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Informed Consent Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Informed Consent Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Human Disease Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0000945 Human Disease Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.org/sig/ont/fma/fma7148 Foundational Model of Anatomy LOOM
http://purl.bmicc.cn/ontology/ICD11CN/XA7MC7 International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition, China LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C12391 National Cancer Institute Thesaurus LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP213585-5 Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BTO_0001307 BRENDA Tissue and Enzyme Source Ontology LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LA4476-3 Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/MESH/D013270 Medical Subject Headings LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP7605-1 Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/MTHU003059 Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes LOOM