Basic Formal Ontology / 基本形式化本体

Last uploaded: February 25, 2019
Preferred Name

entity

ID

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001

BFO CLIF specification label

Entity

BFO OWL specification label

entity

editor note

BFO 2 Reference: In all areas of empirical inquiry we encounter general terms of two sorts. First are general terms which refer to universals or types:animaltuberculosissurgical procedurediseaseSecond, are general terms used to refer to groups of entities which instantiate a given universal but do not correspond to the extension of any subuniversal of that universal because there is nothing intrinsic to the entities in question by virtue of which they – and only they – are counted as belonging to the given group. Examples are: animal purchased by the Emperortuberculosis diagnosed on a Wednesdaysurgical procedure performed on a patient from Stockholmperson identified as candidate for clinical trial #2056-555person who is signatory of Form 656-PPVpainting by Leonardo da VinciSuch terms, which represent what are called ‘specializations’ in [81

Entity doesn't have a closure axiom because the subclasses don't necessarily exhaust all possibilites. For example Werner Ceusters 'portions of reality' include 4 sorts, entities (as BFO construes them), universals, configurations, and relations. It is an open question as to whether entities as construed in BFO will at some point also include these other portions of reality. See, for example, 'How to track absolutely everything' at http://www.referent-tracking.com/_RTU/papers/CeustersICbookRevised.pdf

elucidation

An entity is anything that exists or has existed or will exist. (axiom label in BFO2 Reference: [001-001])

example of usage

the Second World War

Julius Caesar

Verdi’s Requiem

your body mass index

isDefinedBy

http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/bfo.owl

label

entity

prefixIRI

BFO:0000001

prefLabel

entity

subClassOf

http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#Thing

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http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000000 Semanticscience Integrated Ontology / 语义科学集成本体 LOOM
http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C51070 National Cancer Institute Thesaurus / 美国国家癌症研究所词典 LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP431089-4 Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes / 逻辑观察标识符名称和代码 LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/LNC/LP431416-9 Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes / 逻辑观察标识符名称和代码 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Coronavirus Infectious Disease Ontology / 冠状病毒感染性疾病本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Coronavirus Infectious Disease Ontology / 冠状病毒感染性疾病本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Ontology of Genes and Genomes / 基因和基因组本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Ontology of Genes and Genomes / 基因和基因组本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Uber Anatomy Ontology / 超级解剖学本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Uber Anatomy Ontology / 超级解剖学本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Cell Line Ontology Subset for Chinese National Infrastructure of 国家实验细胞资源共享服务平台(NICR)细胞系本体子集 / Cell Line Resource (NICR) LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Cell Line Ontology Subset for Chinese National Infrastructure of 国家实验细胞资源共享服务平台(NICR)细胞系本体子集 / Cell Line Resource (NICR) SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Information Artifact Ontology / 信息工具本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Information Artifact Ontology / 信息工具本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Ontology for Biomedical Investigations / 生物医学研究本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Ontology for Biomedical Investigations / 生物医学研究本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 细胞系本体(中文翻译) / Cell Line Ontology (Chinese Translation) SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Environment Ontology / 环境本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Environment Ontology / 环境本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Ontology for General Medical Science / 通用医学科学本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Ontology for General Medical Science / 通用医学科学本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 The Drug Ontology / 药物本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 The Drug Ontology / 药物本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 International Classification of Diseases Ontology / 国际疾病分类本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 International Classification of Diseases Ontology / 国际疾病分类本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Ontology for Biobanking / 生物样本库本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Ontology for Biobanking / 生物样本库本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Infectious Disease Ontology / 传染性疾病本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Infectious Disease Ontology / 传染性疾病本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Informed Consent Ontology / 知情同意本体 LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 Informed Consent Ontology / 知情同意本体 SAME_URI
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 中药本体 / Traditional Chinese Drug Ontology LOOM
http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/BFO_0000001 中药本体 / Traditional Chinese Drug Ontology SAME_URI
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/STY/T071 International Classification of Diseases, Version 10 - Clinical Modification / 国际疾病分类,第10版-临床修改 LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/STY/T071 Logical Observation Identifier Names and Codes / 逻辑观察标识符名称和代码 LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/STY/T071 Semantic Types Ontology / 语义类型本体 LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/STY/T071 Medical Subject Headings / 医学主题词表 LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/STY/T071 MedlinePlus Health Topics / MedlinePlus网站健康主题 LOOM
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/STY/T071 Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man / 在线人类孟德尔遗传数据库 LOOM